Back Pain: Lower Back Pain, Upper Back Pain, Spine Pain Relief
While there are many causes of lower back pain, most cases of low back pain can typically be linked to either a general cause – such as muscle strain – or a specific and diagnosable condition, such as degenerative disc disease or a lumbar herniated disc.
In the US, lower back pain is one of the most common conditions and one of the leading causes of physician visits. In fact, at least four out of five adults will experience it at some point in their lives.
Ironically, the severity of the pain is often unrelated to the extent of physical damage. For example, muscle spasm from a simple back strain can cause excruciating lower back pain that can make it difficult to walk or even stand, whereas a large herniated disc or completely degenerated disc can actually be completely painless.
Types of Low Back Pain
Low back pain is typically classified as either acute or chronic:
Acute back pain is short term, generally lasting from a few days to a few weeks. Some acute pain syndromes can become more serious if left untreated.
Chronic back pain is generally defined as pain that persists for more than three months. The pain may be progressive, or may occasionally flare up and then return to a lower level of pain. With chronic pain, the exact cause of the pain can sometimes be difficult to determine.
Lower Back Anatomy
The causes of low back pain can be very complex, and there are many structures in the spine that can cause pain. Any of the following parts of spinal anatomy are typical sources of low back pain:
- The large nerve roots in the low back that go to the legs and arms may be irritated.
- The smaller nerves that innervate the spine in the low back may be irritated
- The large paired lower back muscles (erector spinae) may be strained
- The bones, ligaments or joints may be damaged
- The intervertebral disc may be damaged
Sometimes there is a neurological component, such as leg or foot weakness or numbness, as well.
It is important to note that many types of low back pain actually have no known anatomical cause; but this doesn’t mean that the pain doesn’t exist. The patient’s pain generator may not be identifiable, but this does not necessarily signify that the pain is all psychosomatic. Actually, an estimated 90% of patients with pain will not have an identifiable cause of their pain.
Dr Eric Lanes program of treatment provides effective relief for back pain and many back pain related conditions such as pregnancy related chiropractic treatment, Sciatica, Disc Herniation, Disc Bulge/Protrusion, lumbar pain, treatment of l1, l2, l3, l4, l5, SI Joint pain, Sacroilitis using such methods as Traction and Decompression therapy. Chiropractic treatment requires no hospitalization, surgery, or medication. Chiropractic care, which is the first step in treatment, utilizes the body’s inherent recuperative powers and the relationship between the spinal column, nervous system and the rest of the body to restore and maintain good health.
Doctors of Chiropractic medicine regularly treat sciatica as a result of a sports or work injury. Sciatica is characterized by pain that originates in the low back or buttock that travels into one or both legs. Sciatic nerve pain varies in intensity and frequency; minimal, moderate, severe and occasional, intermittent, frequent or constant.
Pain is described as dull, achy, sharp, toothache-like, pins and needles or similar to electric shocks. Other symptoms associated with sciatica include burning, numbness and tingling sensations. Sciatica is also called radiating or referred pain, neuropathy, or neuralgia. A misconception is that sciatica is a disorder – however, sciatica is really a symptom of a disorder.
Sciatica is generally caused by sciatic nerve compression. Disorders known to cause sciatic nerve pain include lumbar spine subluxations (misaligned vertebral body/ies), herniated or bulging discs (slipped discs), pregnancy and childbirth, tumors, and non-spinal disorders such as diabetes, constipation, injury, or sitting on one’s back pocket wallet.
One common cause of sciatica is Piriformis Syndrome. Piriformis syndrome is named after the piriformis muscle. The piriformis muscle is located in the lower part of the spine, connects to the thighbone, and assists in hip rotation. The sciatic nerve runs beneath the piriformis muscle. This muscle is susceptible to injury from a slip and fall, sports injury, work injury, hip arthritis, or a difference in leg length. Such situations can cause cramping and spasm to develop in the piriformis muscle, thereby pinching the sciatic nerve and causing inflammation and pain.
Sciatic nerve compression may result in the loss of feeling (sensory loss), paralysis of a single limb or group of muscles (monoplegia), and insomnia.
Dr. Eric A. Lane
Hello! I have been serving Tucson, Arizona residents as a Chiropractor since 1994. I am mostly experienced in auto injury, back, neck and pretty much every type of injury you may be having. You can reach my office by calling 520 742-7785.
Updated on May 05, 2018